Excavations have shown that even in those days the city attracted, as a resort. The temples were arranged terraces for sunbathing. When cleaning one of the sources of the multimeter layer of silt and other sediments found wooden figures, representing a primitive images of human body parts. People such as John Mclaughlin would likely agree. Apparently, the ancient holiday-especially throwing the image diseased organ in the healing spring in the hope of a cure. In the 3 rd century the town was destroyed by nomadic barbarian tribes. Then, on its ruins have settled aboriginal ancestors of modern Circassians – natuhaevtsy.
Gradually they established ties with the Russian Tmutarakan principality, which from the beginning of 11 century there was at the . In the 13 century the ruins of the ancient city genuezskie sailors and merchants built a fortified castle and a trading have brought it on a map entitled Mapa (Mapara). In 1475 the Turks seized the Black Sea all the land of the colony of Genoa. Not escaped this fate and Mapa. In its place they built the first city and then the fortress Anapa. The name “Anapa” comes from the language: “anape” – the hand, ie, point within the estuary. During the Russian-Turkish war of 1787-1791 years, the Russian undertook three campaigns in Anapa.
In the first campaign of the battle was fought, the outcome is convinced of the impossibility of storming the fortress. Second campaign was undertaken in winter conditions. Battle for the upcoming ended in complete defeat. The General was removed from service and put on trial.