Fabiane Rossi Date In this article considers a reading in the renascentista painting for the bias of two artists, Giovanni Bellini and Rafael Sanzio, evidencing its workmanships whose thematic and headings consist of ' ' Christ Benedicente' ' (The Blessing Christ). One expects, from this comparison enters the workmanships of Bellini and Rafael, to find characteristics with the period in common where they had been produced (Renaissance), but also the differences between them, thus searching to understand the poetical one of each artist, looking for to perceive the permanncias and the ruptures of both the artists stop with the thematic one portraied. Renaissance: an introduction In century XIV initiates a period of changes in the Europe: the form of politics-economic-social organization if modifies to the few for the mercantilism or daily pay-capitalism; it has the sprouting of the bourgeoisie as capital detainer; the acirramento of the mercantile contact with Asia and with it occurs together a great flow of people for the European continent. Allied to these changes, it is to transformation of the human ideals, in the form of the humanismo, occurring ' ' renascer' ' of the ideas on the life, the body, the social one. The term renaissance passed to be used to call this ' ' renascer' ' artistic and scientific occurred between centuries XIV and XVI, having as characteristic main the revalorizao of the thought and the art of the Classic Antiquity, the formation of a culture humanist, the rationality, the individualism and the scientific severity. The artists of this time if had guided for ideals of perfection, balance and favour, represented with the aid of the symmetry directions and ratio of the figures. He has the valuation of the man and the nature, in opposition to the holy ghost and to the supernatural one, concepts of the Average Age (Scholastic).
This to come back the look on itself exactly made to also resurge the studies in the fields of sciences human beings, as well as the aguamento of the spirit of comment of the man and the way where it lives (naturalismo). Others two marcantes characteristics had been the rationalism, that is, the certainty of that everything could be explained by the reason of the man and science; the individualism, reflecting the idea of that each one is responsible for the conduction of its life, in opposition to the effective estamentrio system in the Average Age. At this time it also has the alteration of ' ' for quem' ' if it makes art: previously the Church Catholic was configured as the main financier of the Art, but, from the Renaissance, who also assumes this role to finance artistic making is the patrons, sponsors of the Art, that if configured between the bourgeois ones, and in lesser it has broken the European governing and the clergy. This meant in an increasing valuation of the art, especially in the Italic Peninsula, cities as Venice, Florena and Genoa, that had had an expressive artistic and intellectual movement? what it made Italy to be known as the cradle of the Renaissance.